Art Deco Styles
The Californian Bungalow style This style dominated suburban growth in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. This design followed the Arts and Crafts movement which originated in Glasgow from the school of Charles Rennie McIntosh, and featured coloured leadlight windows and ceiling beams and timber panelling in the interior. The Californian bungalow was similar in the single storey style usually on a limestone foundation with broad hipped roofs and gables with gabled entry porch which were supported by tapering or tuscan style pillars with half timbered or shingled gable and roof over entry porch. There was often a rough cast render to walls or lower half of walls and timber detailing around windows, and brick detailing around chimneys, sills and pillars. There were small feature windows and clear glass leadlight.
The Tudor-Revival (Stockbroker’s Tudor) style. This style featured half timbered steep roofs with gable attic windows and two storeys. Window shutters and diamond leadlight windows added to the old English charm.
The Spanish Mission style. The walls were rendered and painted white with spiral (treacle twist) columns. Corbelled brickwork to eaves on gable ends. Featured by arches, courtyards and tiled floors.
Streamlined Moderne and International Modern style. The style is characterised by simplified geometric shapes, crisp angles and undulating curves, often coupled with restrained and stylised columns and decorative panels, especially in the early period. Buildings are often capped with spires or finials reminiscent of the New York Art Deco skyscrapers. Because of the sunny climate, the “eyebrow” sunshades found in tropical Miami are also found in Perth. A key metaphor of Streamlined Moderne is the nautical feeling expressed in the front porches resembling ship’s decks complete with curved flat roofs, iron railings and circular porthole windows. The decorations were zigzag or chevron motifs and another widely found motif is the use of three recessed horizontal bands that visually tie the building elements together and help give a sense of unity.
Taken from notes compiled by Vyonne Geneve assisted by information from Dept. of Architecture U.W.A.
The Arts and Crafts style originated in England in the latter half of the 19th Century and arrived in Australia in the 20’s and 30’s. The fireplace and chimneys being important elements and
with a Tudor or Old English influence. Rooflines were steeply pitched with red brick walls, tiled roofs and stuccoed walls.
Peter Cuffley – Australian Houses of the Twenties and Thirties p 29